BDC Update: Sixth Street Specialty Lending
6 min read

BDC Update: Sixth Street Specialty Lending

After Sixth Street Specialty reported IVQ and full-year 2022 results, we upped our dividend projections and target price for the next 5 years.

February 17, 2023

One Year Anniversary

We've not written an Update about Sixth Street Specialty Lending (TSLX) since this time last year, and before interest rates went haywire. At that point, BDC Best Ideas was just getting going and so was the Fed. Nonetheless, we're pretty happy with the projections we made for earnings and distributions in 2022. The EPS - which we just borrowed from management's prediction - was going to be $1.9200, but ended up at $2.0100. The total payout instead of being $1.9200 as we projected ended up at $1.8400. Finally, we projected the distribution level from 2023-2026 would be $2.00 annually.


Now that we've reviewed TSLX's IVQ 2022 results, glanced at the 10-K, and read the conference call transcript, we need to re-set payout expectations for 2023-2027. The principal reason why is that interest rates have risen hugely since our last assessment, materially lifting the BDC's outlook. Otherwise, TSLX is operating at a very similar debt-to-equity level as before, with a similar philosophy, and credit results are not much different.  The now much clearer interest rates picture, though, is drastically changing TSLX's earnings power.

Numbers Tell The Story

Just in the IVQ 2022, investment income at the BDC increased from $78mn to $100mn. That's a remarkable 28% jump in just 3 months. Adjusted Net Investment Income Per Share  - a favorite non-GAAP metric - was annualizing at $2.56 in the final quarter of 2022 - which also represents a 28% increase over the actual result for all of the year. Plus, interest rates are still rising in 2023 and portfolio loan yields edging higher. Management on its conference call offered EPS guidance for 2023 of $2.13 to $2.17 and also admitted undistributed net investment income per share was $0.77.


As is often the case with TSLX,  its management's dividend policy is very conservative - almost to the point of being unrealistic. Despite a huge jump in earnings and outlook, the BDC only increased its regular quarterly distribution by $0.01 per share to $0.4600 for IQ 2023. (Admittedly there have been 3 increases of late, adding up to 12%). Clearly, recurring income is much higher than recurring distributions.

So Special

Management is leaning on variable amounts of "special" distributions to make up the difference between what is due to be paid and its regular distribution: $0.09 per share most recently. Unlike some other BDCs TSLX does not mind paying out its earnings in a lumpy manner, which can be difficult for shareholders to estimate and must weigh on the stock price. Anyway, that leaves us to make educated guesses, and we're projecting 2023-2024 will see a total payout of $2.5000 for each year, consisting of current earnings and that "spillover income" left over from prior periods.

Gentle Decline

From 2025 on, as interest rates come down, we expect earnings and total distributions to take a step down to $2.2200 a year through 2027. Offsetting some income lost to lower rates will be higher fees from a greater level of repayment activity - a subject much discussed on the latest conference call. We don't expect much in the way of benefit from higher leverage or much higher borrowing cost, but wider spreads on new loans booked in 2022 and 2023 will continue to boost earnings for several more years.

New Valuation

We have not changed our terminal dividend multiple, critical to calculating our Target Price. The multiple remains at 13.50x, higher than for most BDCs and reflecting TSLX's above-average performance over the years. This gives us a new Target Price of $29.70. The current price is $19.50. If achieved, that would be a new price record, but the levels of EPS we're projecting are also higher than historically. The projected yield is 12.8%, using our admittedly aggressive 2023 dividend projection. The total return - as we write this - comes to 110% over 5 years or 22% per annum. That's moderately above the BDC average, which is just over 100% right now.

Less Popular

The substantial upside in TSLX's return reflects in part the projected higher earnings. However, it's also true, as this 5-year stock chart below shows, that TSLX has been trading down of late - (20%) below its 52-week high and underneath the pre-pandemic heights. Over a 1 and 2-year period, TSLX has trailed the sector on a price change basis.

Current Valuation Metrics

Going by the analyst EPS consensus for 2023 of just $2.18 (which seems very low), the BDC is trading at a relatively modest 9.4x Price To Expected Earnings. Yes, the price to net book value is at an 18% premium, but that metric has typically been much higher. TSLX is not "cheap", but not expensive either, and worth a look. This is a serious-minded BDC with a big-name parent and a differentiated business strategy that has performed very well over the years and "deserves" a higher multiple.

TPG Specialty (TSLX) 5-Year Price Chart

February 21, 2022


Sixth Street Specialty Lending (TSLX) reported IVQ and full year results, which we reviewed at great length in the BDC Reporter, both in the Daily Update and in a full article annotating the latest conference call transcript. In a nutshell, the large-cap, "idiosyncratic" BDC had a very good 2021 by every key metric: EPS, credit, adjusted NAV Per Share, and - most of all - distributions. The $3.59 per share in payouts of regular, supplemental, and special dividends were way in excess of earnings achieved, even when realized gains are taken into account.

Low Ball?

That was good for 2021 TSLX shareholders but makes almost certain that distributions going forward will be lower, even as we expect EPS to continue to be strong for the next 5 years. Management has projected 2022 adjusted Net Investment Income Per Share might reach as high as $1.92. This was challenged by one analyst as deliberately undershooting, which may be the case. On the other hand, the BDC does have to contend with a slew of new shares later in the year when $100mn of convertible debt becomes more equity. Moreover, new investment activity was high in 2021 and that might not be matched in 2022, even though management argues that this should be offset with better results from maintaining the existing portfolio.

Reviewed But Not Revised

Where TSLX is concerned the path of earnings and dividends tend to widely diverge and we're not particularly concerned about guessing just right for one year. We continue to project (as we've done for months) that the distribution in 2022 will amount to $1.92, then increase by $0.02 to reach $2.00 in 2026. That's a total of $9.80 of distributions through 2026. TSLX has announced a IQ 2022 regular dividend of $0.41 and a supplemental of $0.11, so we're on track. Lower new deal activity in the typically slower first half of the year may shave down the next couple of supplementals, as will any increase in short-term rates until the 1% plus loan floor level is reached as borrowing costs - all of which are tied to LIBOR/SOFR increase while income does not.

Not Getting Ahead

Speaking of the above, we've not yet adjusted projections for future dividends for potential higher rates. This is true across the board for the BDCs we track. TSLX was not shy to say that they expect - a little unbelievably - that the "reference rate" will be over 1.1% by the second quarter of 2022, just months away. Moreover, the BDC has not been shy to preview on its conference call the potential increase in earnings that would come with higher reference rates:

To give an illustrative example of the impact once we reach our floors, assuming our balance sheet remains constant as of Q4 2021, for every 100 basis point increase in rates, we would expect approximately $0.14 per share of uplift to annual net interest income.


For the moment, though,  we're leaving those possibilities alone in our projections and valuations. We continue to feel that with TSLX well within its 1.25x debt to equity target leverage (under 1.0x at year end 2021); loan yields constant; borrowing costs low and no income erosion from bad credits our 5 year dividend projection is reasonable. For example, our payout projected for 2026 is just below what the analysts are predicting for adjusted Net Investment Income Per Share in 2023.


The current yield - assuming the $1.92 in dividends paid out in 2022 - is 8.0% and the Target Price of $27.00 is only 9% above the BDC's 52 week and all-time high price. Currently the 5 year return is 54%, or 10.7% per annum. Given that we're being relatively restrained about the outlook for future dividends and the BDC is trading at a huge premium to book and to earnings that's a fair, but not exciting return. By comparison, Seeking Alpha shows the BDC's total return over the last 5 years was 108%. We are big fans of TSLX but - unfortunately - so are many others.